The American Flag
The original 13-star version of the American flag was first adopted on June 25th, 1777, shortly after the fore founders of the United States signed their Declaration of Independence from Great Britain. Since that day, the American flag has undergone 26 official modifications. After Alaska and Hawaii joined the Union in 1959 and 1960 respectively, the flags current and iconic design was implemented on July 4th, 1960.
In the upper left hand corner of the flag is a blue rectangle, in which 50 white stars are placed to represent the 50 states that compose the Union. Below this blue rectangle, as well as to the right of it, are located 13 horizontal alternating rows of red and white which are meant to symbolize the original 13 colonies which rebelled against Great Britain. The flag has several nicknames, such as "Old Glory", and the "Stars and Stripes".
It is custom within the country to treat the American flag with the utmost respect, as the flag has also taken on the symbolic meaning of representing all the U.S. soldiers that were killed in action in past wars. Desecration of the flag is thought of as barbaric and an outrage within the American public, but it is a right guaranteed under the nation’s Constitutional 1st Amendment.
The United States of America is located in North America, between the countries of Canada and Mexico. The nation is composed of nearly 4 million square miles, and harbors a population of almost 314 million citizens. The capital of the United States is Washington, D.C. (named after the nation’s most beloved founding father and first president, George Washington), which sits near the country's eastern seaboard.
America boasts the world’s largest economy, with its current Growth Domestic Product valued at over 15 trillion dollars. Major industries for the nation include producing electrical and nuclear energy. The United States celebrates the anniversary of its independence from Great Britain on July 4th.
The American national anthem is entitled "The Star Spangled Banner".