The Australian Flag
On the very first day of the year 1901, six separate colonies of the continent of Australia banded together to ratify the newly created Constitution of Australia. Consequently, these six colonies became the six states of the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia.
Shortly thereafter, an international competition was held in order to determine a flag design for the newborn nation. A prototypical design of the modern Australian flag was chosen, and designated as official in September 1901 with its first use. In 1954, the modern day rendition of the Australian flag was finally formulated through the Flags Act 1543, and has remained the same ever since.
The flag can be described as a blue field with the Union Flag (flag of the United Kingdom) located in its upper left corner. A large white star with seven points is located in the flag’s lower left corner. The right side of the flag contains the Southern Cross constellation, which is composed of five medium sized white stars.
The flag of Australia is meant to symbolically represent the fortitude, justice, and practicality of the citizens of Australia (commonly referred to as "Aussies").
Australia is the only nation on earth that has sovereignty over an entire continent. It is a massive island floating between the continents of Asia and Antarctica. While the nation has its roots in being a former prison colony of the British Empire, the country has now blossomed into one of the great leaders of the world.
It harbors over 22 million citizens, and it is estimated that over 250 languages are spoken here, though English is considered the main language of the country. The capital city of the nation is Canberra, and the national anthem is entitled: "Advance Australia Fair".