The Puerto Rican Flag

The modern flag of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico was officially adopted in 1952. The design of the flag, however, is hardly different than a flag design that was originally composed in 1868 by Dr. Ramon Betances for the island’s then-occurring revolutionary campaign against Spain.

The flag can be described as having an equidistant blue triangle containing a lone white star located along its left border. To the right of this blue triangle are positioned 5 horizontal rows composed of red and white. The red stripes of the flag symbolize the three branches of the commonwealth’s government (Judiciary, Legislative, and Executive). The white stripes represent individual liberties. The blue triangle stands for the republican form of government, and the lone white star stands for the citizens of the island.

The island of Puerto Rico is located in the northeastern part of the Caribbean sea, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the U.S. Virgin Islands. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States of America, though commonwealth’s legislature has made several attempts at American statehood. The capital of the nation is San Juan, and tourism is one of the country’s most important industries, raking in over $1.8 billion dollars annually.

The island’s population is approximated at 3.7 million citizens, but ironically it is estimated that more citizens of Puerto Rican descent live in the conterminous United States than on the actual island itself. The national anthem of Puerto Rico is entitled "La Borinqueña". November 19th is celebrated upon the island as the "Day of the Discovery of Puerto Rico", which is the day Christopher Columbus is said to have discovered the isle.