The Spanish Flag
The current national flag of Spain was adopted on October 5th, 1981. It was the third version of the Spanish flag since the signing of the Spanish constitution on December 6th, 1978. The Spanish flag has three horizontal stripes. There are two red stripes at the top and bottom and one yellow stripe in the middle. The yellow stripe is twice the size of the red stripes. "Roja" is spanish for "red" and the Spanish flag's yellow stripe has traditionally been called the "gualda". The common name for the Spanish flag, "Rojigualda", meaning, "red-weld", is derived from these two terms.
The symbol on the left side of the Spanish flag is the Spanish coat of arms. The current flag design originates from the Spanish naval ensign of 1783. The ensign was chosen by Charles III of Spain among 12 different options designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán. It was originally used as the flags for all Spanish naval buildings and naval properties.
Spain is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. The country is bordered to the east by France and to the west by Portugal. The Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean just off the African coast are also part of Spain. According to the 2010 census report, Spain is home to a population of over 47 million people divided amongst 3 major ethnic groups: Basques, Catalans, and Galicians. There are several different languages spoken in Spain, which include Spanish (the official language), Catalan-Valencian, Galician, and Basque. There are a few different religions that are dominate in Spain, but the top religion remains Roman Catholic.
The capital of Spain is Madrid where many of the country's holiday celebrations are hosted. Because there are regional and national holidays in Spain there seems to be a holiday or festival being celebrated each month. There are a few holidays and festivals that are more popular than others. The annual running of the Bulls, which takes place in Pamplona, Spain is one festival that many people look forward to each year. Another major celebration in Spain is the Tomatina Festival in Valencia, which is a light hearted event where people throw tomatoes at each other.
The Spanish national anthem is entitled, "Marcha Real", which means "Royal March" in English.